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1336 - 1327 BC
18th Dynasty

utankhaten (notice the Aten nomen at the end of his name) became pharaoh after the deaths, in quick succession, of Akhenaten and Smenkhkare. He became one of history's most famous royalty when Howard Carter discovered his tomb in November of 1922. It is not clear who the parents of Tutankhaten were. Possibly he was the son of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiy or of Akhenaten himself and Queen Nefertiti. Regardless of this, Tutankhaten grew up in Akhetaten.

Tutankhaten became pharaoh at the age of nine, he married Ankhesenpaaten and ruled from Akhetaten. Following the death of Akhenaten the priests loyal to the god Amun tried to persuade the boy king to renounce his faith. Four years after he became king he changed his name from Tutankhaten ("living image of Aten") to Tutankhamun ("living image of Amun") in honor of the god Amun. Ankhesenpaaten's name was changed to Ankhesenamun. Worship of the original gods was reinstated at Thebes and the old ways were gradually restored.

Tutankhamun ruled for nine years, until he was 18. The mummy discovered in the Valley of the Kings has an injury to the skull, and it is believed that Tutankhamun was either the victim of an accident or he was assassinated. His tomb is one of very few that have been discovered almost untouched by thieves.

Although the mummified remains of two children were found in the tomb of Tutankhamun there was no heir to succeed him. An important and powerful official called Ay, possibly Tutankhamun's uncle, became Pharaoh for a brief time before control was taken by a successful general called Horemheb.

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