ne of the most interesting times in Egyptian history is the time known as the Amarna Period and it begins with Queen Tiy. The names of Akhenaten, Queen Nefertiti, and Tutankhamun are well known.
Queen Tiy, Great Royal Wife of Amenhotep III, was the mother of Amenhotep IV (who later changed his name to Akhenaten). He became pharaoh either a short time before his father's death, or at his father's death. At this time, he was already married to Nefertiti, and had one daughter, Meritaten.
Akhenaten believed in one god, Aten, and he moved the capital of Egypt from Memphis to Akhetaten, the site of present-day Tell el Amarna. From here he reigned with his queen and worshipped his god. Five more daughters were born: Mekataten, Ankhesenpaaten, Neferneferuaten-tasherit, Neferneferure, and Setepenre.
Towards the end of his reign the names of Smenkhkare and Tutankhaten appear. The final days of these people are shrouded in mystery. Following the death of Akhenaten, Smenkhkare and Tutankhamun each took their place on the throne of Egypt. The latter of course being the most famous of them all because of the discoveries by Howard Carter.